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The Human Development In Three Trimesters

Giving Birth

Trimester 1
Trimester 2
Trimester 3
Dangers in Each Trimester
Giving Birth
Medical Tools Used to Monitor the Fetus
Other Options of Getting Pregnant

A happy couple who's about to welcome a baby into the world.

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After a woman has carried the baby for about nine months, guess what? It's time for that little bundle of joy to come into the world! This is known as giving birth. Okay, you might think that it's not so exciting to go through hours of excruciating pain, but it's worth it when the mother sees that cute little baby. Well, how does a woman know when she is ready to give birth? There are a few signs of labor to let a woman know it's time for the baby to come. A woman might experience very frequent and strong contractions. Another sign is having severe lower back pains that doesn't seem to end. Now remember, just beacause she has back pains doesn't necessarily mean that she's in labor. The amniotic sac will break, releasing the fluid contained in it. A woman might refer to this as her "water breaking." Another sign is a sort of bloody mucous discharge from the vagina. This is the mucous that plugged the cervix. Another sign is the cervix dilating (expanding) to about ten centimeters. This happens so that the baby's head can be pushed out through the cervix. If a woman experiences any of these signs, she is now almost ready to give birth.

Now, here comes the complex part.First, you should know about some of the birthing options. A woman can:

> have her baby delivered at home, the hospital, or a birthing center

> have the baby delivered by a doctor or a midwife (a person specialized in prenatal care and assisting the birthing process)

> go through a natural birth or a birth with pain killing drugs (ex: epidural)

> give birth laying down, kneeling, or squatting

> give vaginal birth or have a Caesarian section (C-section)

After the cervix has fully dilated, it's time for the baby to come out. Usually the baby comes out head first. The mother is required to push the baby out with all of her strength (vaginal birth). This is a very painful process, but it should go by a bit quickly if there are no complications. Once the baby is out, the fluid (amniotic fluid) in its lungs is removed when it coughs or cries so that it doesn't choke. The baby's body systems almost immediately adjusts to life outside the uterus. The baby is taken to be cleaned and examined. The mother isn't quite done yet. The placenta (an organ that connects the mother to the baby) is removed from the uterus and now the process of giving birth is done.

Not all births happen this way. Sometimes, the baby doesn't come out head first. Sometimes it comes out buttocks first which is called breech birth. This can be solved with a procedure known as Caesarian section (C-sections). Cutting the abdomen and the uterine wall to get the baby out does this procedure. This procedure can be done by choice or if such complications occur that the baby can't be delivered from the vagina.

Now that the little bundle of joy is ready to see the world, the mother is so much happier. Giving birth may sound like the most painful, tiring process but it's worth it in the end. The mother will be so happy that she carried it for almost nine months and went thorugh a lot to bring it into the world when she sees her child. Now she will go on with her new life and nurture and love that baby, as mothers should do.


A baby about to be born.

A woman giving birth.

A baby who has just been born.

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